Die sozialen Bewegungen seit 2011 – Wie weiter?

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Die sozialen Bewegungen seit 2011 – Wie weiter?
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Wirken die II

Anmeldedatum: 15.01.2011
Beiträge: 208

Beitrag Die sozialen Bewegungen seit 2011 – Wie weiter? Antworten mit Zitat
Weltrevolution – Öffentliche Diskussionsveranstaltung

Während sich die Krise mit Sparprogrammen und Entlassungen immer härter auf die
Lebensbedingungen der Ausgebeuteten niederschlägt, lassen die Mobilisierungen dagegen, nicht nach.
Es ist eine weltweite Bewegung – wenn auch mit teilweise unterschiedlichen Ursprüngen. Im Kern
richtet sich der Protest dabei immer gegen die Sackgasse der kapitalistischen Produktionsweise, die
für immer mehr Menschen keine Perspektive mehr anbietet.
Das zeigt sich unter anderem darin, dass die Mobilisierungen nicht nur Teilbereiche der Gesellschaft
erfasst, heute sind es nicht nur mehr die Jungen die sich gegen das prekäre Leben im Kapitalismus
auflehnen. Auch für die ältere Generation gibt es immer weniger Arbeit. Kleinere Renten, allgemein
immer weniger bezahlbare Wohnungen, dies sind einige der Unsicherheiten, die das Leben der
Arbeiterinnen und Angestellten unsicher machen.
Der Widerstand gegen diese Zustände beginnt sich zu politisieren und auszuweiten. Die Bewegungen
beschränkten sich nicht nur auf eine Region oder ein Land und haben einen hohen Grad an
Selbstorganisierung. Diese und weitere Aspekte gilt es zu reflektieren, weil auf dem Weg von der
heutigen Empörung bis zur revolutionären Umgestaltung der Gesellschaft noch grosse Etappen liegen.
In einem Einleitungsreferat werden an der öffentlichen Veranstaltung sieben Thesen vorgestellt über die anschliessend diskutiert werden kann. Falls sich die Teilnehmer im Vorfeld vertiefen möchten sind auf unserer Internetadresse unter IKSonline, Artikel zum Thema zu finden.

25. August 2012 / Zentrum Karl der Grosse
13 Uhr / Kirchgasse 14 / 8001 Zürich
Mehr Informationen auf unserer Website:
14. August 2012, 20:14 Benutzer-Profile anzeigen Private Nachricht senden
Käptn Kiff

Anmeldedatum: 12.11.2007
Beiträge: 1069

Beitrag Antworten mit Zitat
die thesen vorab fände ich sehr sexy.

argumentum ad baculum
15. August 2012, 08:09 Benutzer-Profile anzeigen Private Nachricht senden

Anmeldedatum: 05.02.2011
Beiträge: 41

Beitrag Antworten mit Zitat
Gegenwärtig haben wir diese Thesen erst auf Englisch, aber immerhin (oder je nach Geschmack noch sexier):

The social movements since 2011 and the perspective for class struggle
In this presentation we first want to propose an assessment of the social movements of the last year in Tunisia, Egypt, Spain, Greece, Israel, Chile, the USA, Britain etc. and then speak about the perspectives for the class struggle on the basis of these events and the development since then. We will not go into the details of the history of the “Arab Spring”, the Indignados’ movement or Occupy Wall Street, but in the discussion we can come back to the concrete events, if necessary. In fact the assessment consists in several theses that we want to submit to discussion. The core of these theses is exposed in the ICC’s “statement on the social movements of 2011”, published in March 2012.

1. The effects of the crisis of capitalism - Indignation has taken on an international dimension
The consequences of the capitalist crisis have been very hard for the immense majority of the world's population: deteriorating living conditions, long-term unemployment lasting years, precarious work making it impossible to have even a minimum of stability, extreme poverty and hunger...
Millions of people are concerned about the disappearance of the possibility of having a stable and normal life and the lack of a future for their children. This has led to a profound indignation, attempts to break out of passivity by taking to the streets and squares, to discussions about the causes of a crisis which in its present phase has lasted 5 years.
This anger has been exacerbated by the arrogance, greed and indifference shown towards the suffering of the majority by the bankers, politicians and other representatives of the capitalist class. The same goes for the powerlessness of governments faced with such grave problems: their measures have only increased poverty and unemployment without bringing any solution.
This movement of indignation has spread internationally: to Spain, where the then Socialist government imposed one of the first and most draconian austerity plans; to Greece, the symbol of the crisis of sovereign debt; to the United States, the temple of world capitalism; to Egypt and Israel, focus of one of the worst and most entrenched imperialist conflicts, the Middle East.

2. Internationalism of the movements
The awareness that this is an international movement began to develop despite the destructive weight of nationalism, as seen in the presence of national flags in the demonstrations in Greece, Egypt or the USA. In Spain solidarity with the workers of Greece was expressed by slogans such as “Athens resists, Madrid rises up”. The Oakland strikers (USA, November 2011) said “Solidarity with the occupation movement world wide”. In Egypt it was agreed in the Cairo Declaration to support the movement in the United States. In Israel they shouted “Netanyahu, Mubarak, El Assad are the same” and contacts were made with Palestinian workers.
One first important feature of the movements is an international simultaneity. The international dimension is conscious and expressed by taking reference to the other ones.
These movements have passed their high points and although there are new struggles (Spain, Greece, Mexico, Canada, Japan) many are asking: what did this wave of indignation achieve? Have we gained anything? – It is important to draw the first lessons in order to prepare the next steps.

3. Take to the streets! The common slogan of these movements
It is more than 30 years since we have seen such multitudes occupy the streets and squares in order to struggle for their own interests despite the illusions and confusions that have affected them.
These people, the workers, the exploited who have been presented as failures, idlers, incapable of taking the initiative or doing anything in common, have been able to unite, to share initiatives and to break out of the crippling passivity to which the daily normality of this system condemns them.
The principle of developing confidence in each others’ capacity, of discovering the strength of the collective action of the masses, has been a morale booster. The social scene has changed. The monopoly of public life by politicians, experts and ‘great men’ has been put into question by the anonymous masses who have wanted to be heard.
Having said all this, we are only at a fragile beginning. The illusions, confusions, inevitable mood swings of the protesters; the repression handed out by the capitalist state and the dangerous diversions imposed by its forces of containment (the left parties and trade unions) have led to retreats and bitter defeats. It is a question of a long and difficult road, strewn with obstacles and where there is no guarantee of victory: that said the very act of starting to walk this road is the first victory.

4. The heart of the movement: the assemblies
The masses involved in these movements have not limited themselves to passively shouting their displeasure. They have actively participated in organising assemblies. The mass assemblies have concretised the slogan of the First International (1864) “The emancipation of the working class is the work of the workers themselves or it is nothing”. This is the continuation of the tradition of the workers' movement stretching back to the Paris Commune, and to Russia in 1905 and 1917, where it took an ever higher form, continued in Germany 1918, Hungary 1919 and 1956, Poland 1980.
General assemblies and workers' councils are the genuine form of the proletarian struggle and the nucleus of a new form of society.
Assemblies which aim to massively unite ourselves point the way towards breaking the chains of wage slavery, of atomisation, “everyone for themselves”, imprisonment in the ghetto of a sector or a social category.
Assemblies in order to think, to discuss and decide together, to make ourselves collectively responsible for what is decided, by participating together both in the making of decisions and their implementation.
Assemblies in order to build mutual confidence, general empathy, solidarity, which are not only indispensable for taking the struggle forward but can also serve as the pillars of a future society free of class and exploitation.

5. The light for the future: the culture of debate
The consciousness needed for millions of workers to transform the world is not gained through being handed down by the ruling class or through the clever slogans of enlightened leaders. It is the fruit of an experience of struggle accompanied and guided by debate on a massive scale, by discussions which take into account the past but which are always focused on the future, since as a banner said in Spain “There is not future without revolution”.
The culture of debate, that is, open discussion based on mutual respect and active listening, has begun to spring up not only in the assemblies but around them: mobile libraries have been organised, as well as countless meetings for discussion and exchange of ideas... A vast intellectual activity has been carried out with very limited means, improvised in the streets and squares.

6. The proletariat is the key to the future
If all of this makes 2011 the year of the beginning of hope, we have viewed these movements with a discerning and critical eye, seeing their limitations and weaknesses which are still immense.
If there is a growing number of people in the world who are convinced that capitalism is an obsolete system, that “in order for humanity to survive, capitalism must be killed” there is also a tendency to reduce capitalism to a handful of “bad guys” (unscrupulous financiers, ruthless dictators) when it is really a complex network of social relations that have to be attacked in their totality and not dissipated into a preoccupation with its many surface expressions (finance, speculation, the corruption of political-economic powers).
While it is more than justified to reject the violence that capitalism has exuded from every pore, this system will however not be abolished by mere passive and citizen pressure. The minority class will not voluntarily abandon power and it will take cover in its state with its democratic legitimacy through elections every 4 or 5 years; through parties who promise what they can never do and do what they didn't promise; and through unions that mobilise in order to demobilise and end up signing up to all that the ruling class puts on the table. Only a massive, tenacious and stubborn struggle will give the exploited the necessary strength to destroy the state and its means of repression and to make real the often repeated shout in Spain “All power to the assemblies”.
The social movement needs to join up with the struggle of the principle exploited class - the proletariat - who collectively produce the main riches and ensure the functioning of social life: factories, hospitals, schools, universities, offices, ports, construction, post offices. In some of the movements in 2011 we began to see its strength, above all in the wave of strikes that exploded in Egypt and which finally forced Mubarak to resign. In Oakland (California) the “occupiers” called a general strike, going to the port and gaining the active support of the dockers and lorry drivers. In London striking electricians and the Saint Paul's occupiers carried out common actions. In Spain certain striking sectors have tended to unite with the assemblies in the squares.
There is no opposition between the class struggle of the modern proletariat and the profound needs of the social layers exploited by capitalist oppression. The struggle of the proletariat is not an egotistical or specific movement but the “self-conscious, independent movement of the immense majority in the interest of the immense majority” (as said the Communist Manifesto).

7. 2012: Continuation of struggles all over the world – Chile, Canada, India, Japan ..., and the challenge of unification

In this year we have seen further social movements and workers strikes, although not at the same level as in 2011. Perhaps the main difficulty is that most of the struggles remain isolated, e.g. in Italy or Greece. At the same time the unions were able to confine the struggles to the framework of capitalist and democratic order, e.g. in Spain with the Asturian miners or in Canada during the struggles of the postal workers and the Air Canada employees.

In the movements of the last 2 years we have witnessed the germs of internationalism, of self-organisation and unification of the struggles, but only microscopically. However these experiences show that the class is able to develop its weapons, its means to overcome the system. One important step will be the further unification of the different struggles, not only on a national scale, but internationally, to develop what we call the generalisation of the struggles. The assemblies began to overcome divisions of employed and unemployed, of religion, of generations, of trade or region. In Spain, they attempted coordination, a political centralisation; in the US, they attempted an extension, particularly towards the workers as at the port in Oakland where workers supported their call for a general strike.
Is an international generalisation of the struggles possible? We should think about it. Such a process will not be invented by political parties, but it will be the result of a growing self-confidence of the proletarian masses in the struggle. That’s why the mentioned examples of spontaneous extension, centralisation, self-organisation and mutual reference across the borders are significant.

The present movements would benefit from critically reviewing the experience of two centuries of proletarian struggle and attempts at social liberation. The road is long and fraught with enormous obstacles, which calls to mind the oft repeated slogan in Spain “It is not that we are going slowly, it is that we are going far”. Start the most widespread possible discussion, without any restriction or discouragement, in order to consciously prepare new movements which could make it clear that capitalism can indeed be replaced by another society.

Wir haben diese Einleitung vor kurzem in Budapest für eine Diskussion verwendet -
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